The Global Labor Markets program is committed to pursuing a robust research agenda on various topics related to human capital movement and global labor markets. Current research topics include:

Worker Mobility in a Global Labor Market: Evidence from the UAE: The GLM program is studying the impact of labor reform and changes to the “Kafala” system in the UAE that changed the nature of labor market competition in the country. In effect, this study queries the effect of allowing migrant workers to switch employers upon visa expiration by exploiting the change in policy in 2011, by conducting an empirical econometric analysis. We find that the labor reform directly led to a 10% increase in wages.

Impact of the Brain Drain on African Economic Development: The GLM program is studying the benefits and costs of the brain drain to Africa. The African brain drain is not large enough to have much effect on Africa’s skill gap relative to the rest of the world. The gains to the migrants themselves and their families who receive indirect utility and remittances more than offset the losses of the brain drain. The brain drain has a positive effect on skill accumulation that appears to offset the loss of skills to the brain drain. The brain drain can be a good balance for Africa.

Role of Remittances & Migration in Economic Development: Remittances are playing increasingly large roles in developing economies, contributing to economic growth and to the livelihoods of less prosperous people. In collaboration with the UAE Exchange, which accounts for $17 billion of annual transfers and 5% of the world’s remittances, and NYU’s Center for Technology and Economic Development (CTED), the GLM is conducting a study of the flow of remittances in the UAE and their economic impact

Identifying Immigrant Networks & Labor Market Outcomes: The GLM program is researching how migration effects the flow of labor markets and economic development, particularly how migrants in developing countries play a critical role in the progress of their country.